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Harrison, Elizabeth (1849-1927) Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Correspondence

Publications

Manuscripts/Typescripts

A Course for Mothers Given by the Chicago Kindergarten College

Journals/Notebooks/Scrapbooks

Miscellaneous records and related materials

Oversized materials, 1890-1925

Ledgers of the Chicago Kindergarten College



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Harrison, Elizabeth (1849-1927) Papers, 1849-1927 | National Louis University Archives and Special Collections

By Mark Burnette; Revised by M.Ryan 2015, 2017

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Collection Overview

Title: Harrison, Elizabeth (1849-1927) Papers, 1849-1927View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1880-1927

ID: 12/001

Primary Creator: Harrison, Elizabeth (1849-1927)

Other Creators: Crouse, Mrs. John Nathan (Rumah)

Extent: 7.0 Linear Feet

Subjects: College presidents, Harrison, Elizabeth, 1849-1927, Kindergarten, Teachers, Teachers colleges

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Elizabeth Harrison Papers consist of Correspondence; Publications (Pamphlets/Articles/ Addresses); Manuscripts; “A Course for Mothers Given by the Chicago Kindergarten College” (1891); Journals, Notebooks and Scrapbooks; and Miscellaneous items (documents pertaining to the Chicago Kindergarten Club, the Chicago Kindergarten Training School and the Kindergarten College, personal papers of Elizabeth Harrison, and writings by Mrs. J.N. Crouse, Susan Blow, and William T. Harris).  Within each category, materials are organized chronologically.

Biographical Note

Elizabeth Harrison was born in Athens, Kentucky, September 1, 1849. At an early age, her family moved to Midway, Kentucky, and in 1856 to Davenport, Iowa. From her childhood, she suffered from poor health: chronic asthma and bronchitis, and in later years from recurring pneumonia.

In Davenport, she attended public schools and graduated from the local high school, whose faculty and administration were populated by the “Acht und Verzigers,” Germans who immigrated following the 1848 revolution in Germany.  However, her father’s business reversals prevented her from attending college, and she devoted the next years of her life to caring for her sisters’ children in Marshalltown, Iowa.

In the summer of 1879, Harrison visited a high school classmate living in Chicago who persuaded her to attend the kindergarten training class organized by Alice Putnam.  Putnam had opened the first kindergarten in Chicago in 1874 and began offering courses in her Kindergarten Training School at the Loring School on Prairie Avenue, Chicago, in 1879 (the following year Putnam founded the Chicago Froebel Association). Harrison returned to Chicago in September 1879 to attend Putnam’s Training School, completed the 36-week training course, and received both a diploma and a certificate to train kindergarten teachers.

In 1881-82 Harrison attended Susan Blow’s school in St. Louis, the first public kindergarten in the United States, which opened in 1873.  In order to pay for her attendance at Blow’s school, Harrison opened a summer kindergarten in Marshalltown, Iowa, and in six months Harrison completed the two-year program.  The following year she returned to the Loring School but almost immediately traveled to New York to study with Maria Boelte and her husband John Kraus.  In 1854-56 Boelte had studied with Frau Louise Froebel, the widow of Frederich Froebel (1782-1852, founder of the kindergarten movement in Germany).  Thus, within three years, Harrison had studied with the pioneers of the kindergarten education movement in the United States.

After returning to Chicago in 1883, Harrison and Putnam organized the Chicago Kindergarten Club, which initially attracted 30 members. The following year, Harrison began offering mothers’ classes to educate parents about the kindergarten, and in the fall of 1885 or 1886—National-Louis University and its predecessor colleges traditionally have traced their origins to the latter date, but the sources are contradictory—Miss Harrison’s Training Class (or School) opened with five students and two mothers.

By 1887, there were 48 kindergartens in Chicago and its suburbs (private, church, settlement house, and the first in a public school) and four kindergarten training schools. Harrison soon met Mrs. John N. (Rumah) Crouse—wife of a prominent Chicago dentist, founder and president (1877-1907) of the Women’s Baptist Home Missionary Society in Chicago, and mother of one of Harrison’s kindergarten students—and the two women began planning an expanded curriculum.  By 1889 they had opened the Chicago Kindergarten Training School in the Chicago Art Institute, at Michigan Avenue and Van Buren Street. Although they shared many of the responsibilities of operating the school, Harrison focused on teaching and publicizing the kindergarten programs while Mrs. Crouse attended to the financial management, publicity, student recruitment, facilities management, and fund raising for the school. 

Eighteen eighty-seven also saw the first of several literary schools, focusing on various historical literary figures, sponsored by the Chicago Kindergarten Club and the Chicago Kindergarten Training School. These began to attract the notice of the local Chicago newspapers.  In 1889, Harrison began to offer courses in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, for kindergarten teachers and mothers, and in 1890 she traveled to Germany to meet with Baroness Bertha von Marenholtz-Bulow and Henrietta Breyman Schrader, a niece of Froebel, and visited the Schrader Kindergarten Training School.

Harrison played a major role in the kindergarten exhibit at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.  By then, there were 100 kindergartens in the Chicago area, and Chicago Kindergarten College students were supervising 50 of them. In 1894 Harrison organized the first national Mother’s Convocation in Chicago, forerunner of the Parent and Teachers Association (PTA), which drew 1,200 attendees. She was becoming a national figure.

At the turn of the 20th century, there were more then 5,000 public school kindergartens in the U.S. and more than 200 kindergarten training schools, and Chicago Kindergarten College alumni were holding positions of influence in the state and local Normal Schools, which were beginning to graduate kindergarten teachers.

Harrison was a founding member of the International Kindergarten Union in 1892, and in later years charted a moderate course between the conservative (strictly Froebelian) wing of the kindergarten movement, represented by Susan Blow, and the more liberal wing associated with John Dewey.

In 1912-13 Harrison visited Rome to observe the school of Maria Montessori, and in 1914 her study of the Montessori Method was published by the U.S. Bureau of Education. The following year the National Kindergarten College, successor to the Chicago Kindergarten College, began offering classes in the Montessori Method. 

In 1917, a Children’s School was opened under the supervision of Clara Belle Baker, the younger sister of Edna Dean Baker, who had become Associate President of the National Kindergarten and Elementary College and would succeed Elizabeth Harrison as its president in 1920.

Following a heart attack in 1919, Elizabeth Harrison retired as president of the National Kindergarten and Elementary College in 1920. She spent the remaining years of her life principally in San Antonio, Texas, occasionally traveling to other parts of the U.S.  Until the end of her life she revised her memoir, Sketches Along Life’s Road, which was eventually published in 1930, three years after her death on October 31, 1927.

Subject/Index Terms

College presidents
Harrison, Elizabeth, 1849-1927
Kindergarten
Teachers
Teachers colleges

Administrative Information

Repository: National Louis University Archives and Special Collections

Processing Information: Described at the folder level.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence],
[Series 2: Publications],
[Series 3: Manuscripts/Typescripts],
[Series 4: A Course for Mothers Given by the Chicago Kindergarten College],
[Series 5: Journals/Notebooks/Scrapbooks],
[Series 6: Miscellaneous records and related materials],
[Series 7: Oversized materials, 1890-1925],
[Series 8: Ledgers of the Chicago Kindergarten College],
[All]

Series 1: Correspondence
Box 1: Various Correspondence, 1890 to 1927View associated digital content.
Folder 1: Letter from William T. Harris to Elizabeth Harrison., 1890-03-19
Folder 2: Letter from Baroness von Marenholts-Bulow to Elizabeth Harrison., 1890-10-19
Folder 3: Letter from Alice Hill (President, Denver Free Kindergarten Association) to Miss Dannan[?]., 1891-07-12
Folder 4: Letters from the Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, NY, to Elizabeth Harrison., 1892
Folder 5: Letter from Kate D. Wiggin to Mrs. Crouse about kindergarten exhibit at the 1893 Columbian World's Exhibition., 1893-02-13
Folder 6: Nellie Buckingham letters to Elizabeth Harrison., 1893
Folder 7: Letters from Hamilton W. Mabie to Elizabeth Harrison., 1893 to 1894
Folder 8: Letter from Jean Carpenter to Betty [Harrison]., 1897-01-24
Folder 9: Chicago Kindergarten College Student recruitment letter, Chicago Kindergarten College, n.d.., [ca. 1891 to 1906]
Folder 10: Susan Blow letter to Elizabeth Harrison., 1908-05-29View associated digital content.
Folder 11: Letter from the Alumnae Association to Elizabeth Harrison establishing the Elizabeth Harrison Scholarship., 1904-11
Folder 12: Elizabeth Harrison letter to Mr. Bok re:  "Legend of the Christ Child," n.d.., [1907 to 1913]
Folder 13: Elizabeth Harrison letters to students from Rome, manuscripts., 1913-02 to 1913-03
Folder 14: Elizabeth Harrison letters to students from Rome, typescripts., 1913-02 to 1913-03
Folder 15: Elizabeth Harrison to Florence Thompson., 1913; ca. 1920
Folder 16: Elizabeth Harrison and National Kindergarten College students regarding Constitution, By-Laws and Charter,[photocopies]., 1916
Folder 17: Elizabeth Harrison letter to Eleanor Fulcher Bates., 1917-01-07
Folder 18: Elizabeth Harrison telegram to Mrs. D.O. Mears apologizing for not attending meeting of the Board of Managers, National Congress of Parents and Teachers., 1920-02-20
Folder 19: Elizabeth Harrison letter to Mabel [Kearns?], August 9 [no year].
Folder 20: Handwritten letter (to EDB?) about editing a report, with separate sheet indicating editing for separate paragraphs, n.d.
Folder 21: Elizabeth Harrison letter to Alice Fitts., 1920-10-30
Folder 22: Items for the Bulletin Board sent by Elizabeth Harrison to Edna Dean Baker, n.d.
Folder 23: Elizabeth Harrison/ Edna Dean Baker correspondence., After 1920
Folder 24: Elizabeth Harrison letter to "My Dear Daughters" thanking them for the gift of a Victrola [photographic copy]., After 1920
Folder 25: Elizabeth Harrison letter to Laura Hooper., 1924-05-19
Folder 26: Elizabeth Harrison letter to Mrs. Kendall., 1926-03-01
Folder 27: Notes to Ruth Storer (and 1963 letter from her daughter)., ca. 1926
Folder 28: Letter to the Editor of the Sunday-School Times ("Story of Mrs. Carrol and the bootblacks"), n.d.
Folder 29: Note given to Anne Williams.
Folder 30: Belle Woodson correspondence.
Folder 31: Correspondence regarding Francis and Jean Carpenter Arnold, n.d.
Folder 32: Miscellaneous Elizabeth Harrison Correspondence.
Folder 33: "Excerpts from Private Letters of Elizabeth Harrison," typescripts of extracts from correspondence between/among EH and the Arnolds (Francis and Jean Carpenter), Mrs. Robert E. Williams, Anne Williams, Florence Stookey., 1905 to 1927
Folder 34: "Excerpts from Private Letters of Elizabeth Harrison," typescripts of extracts from correspondence between/among EH and the Arnolds (Francis and Jean Carpenter), Mrs. Robert E. Williams, Anne Williams, Florence Stookey., 1905 to 1927
Folder 35: W.J. Snider letters to E.H., n.d.
Folder 36: Letter to E.Harrison from her last senior class, 1919
Box 2: Correspondence to the Arnolds (Francis M. and Jean Carpenter), 1905 to 1927
Originals ("typed"/"not typed" refers to the Excerpts from Private Letters" in Box 1)
Folder 1: 1905-1906View associated digital content.
Folder 2: 1907View associated digital content.
Folder 3: 1908View associated digital content.
Folder 4: 1909
Folder 5: 1910
Folder 6: 1911
Folder 7: 1912
Folder 8: 1913
Folder 9: 1914
Folder 10: 1915
Folder 11: 1916-1918
Folder 12: 1919-1920
Folder 13: 1921
Folder 14: 1922
Folder 15: 1923
Folder 16: 1924
Folder 17: 1925
Folder 18: 1926-27View associated digital content.
Folder 19: Packet of news clippings apparently sent to Francis Arnold (to be photocopied and filed with correspondence).
Folder 20: Undated
Series 2: PublicationsView associated digital content.
Box 3: Children's Stories/Pamphlets/Articles/Addresses
Folder 1: Elizabeth Harrison, A List of Books for Children, n.p.., 1889View associated digital content.
Folder 2: Elizabeth Harrison, Suggestions for Summer Reading, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, n.d. [After 1890 as Harrison's Study of Child Nature is listed] (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press)., [After 1890]View associated digital content.
Folder 3: Elizabeth Harrison, "The Kindergarten, Its Importance as a Life Foundation Cannot be Overestimated," Chicago Kindergarten College, n.d.., [1891 to 1911]
Folder 4: Elizabeth Harrison, The Root of the Temperance Question From a Kindergarten Standpoint, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1891 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press).  Also an 1890 [?] version published by The Chicago Kindergarten Training School., 1890; 1891View associated digital content.
Folder 5: Elizabeth Harrison, A Study of Child Nature From a Kindergarten Standpoint, Chicago:  n.p. (Title page, Contents and Introduction)., 1891View associated digital content.
Folder 6: Elizabeth Harrison, The Kindergarten as an Influence in Modern Civilization ("Opening Lecture before the Mother's Department of the Chicago Kindergarten College, October 1st, 1891"), Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, n.d., 4 copies., 1891-10-01View associated digital content.
Folder 7: Elizabeth Harrison, The Legend of the Christ Child:  A Story for Christmas Eve / Adapted from the German by Elizabeth Harrison ("Presented to the Members of the Mother's Department of the Chicago Kindergarten College, Art Institute, Chicago, Christmas, 1893), Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, copyright 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press); also copies from 1890 (Chicago Kindergarten Training School) and 1891(Chicago Kindergarten College)., 1890; 1891; 1893-12View associated digital content.
Folder 8: Elizabeth Harrison, A List of Toys Suggested by the Mothers in the Second and Third Year's Course of Study, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press), 2 copies., 1893View associated digital content.
Folder 9: Elizabeth Harrison, Kindergarten Talks and Tales:  Story of a Raindrop, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press)., 1893View associated digital content.
Folder 10: Elizabeth Harrison, Kindergarten Talks and Tales:  Science Lessons, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press)., 1893
Related Material: See Kindergarten Talks and Tales:  Story of a Raindrop for digital versions of this series.
Folder 11: Elizabeth Harrison, Kindergarten Talks and Tales:  The Caterpillar and Butterfly, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press)., 1893
Related Material: See Kindergarten Talks and Tales:  Story of a Raindrop for digital versions of this series.
Folder 12: Elizabeth Harrison, Kindergarten Talks and Tales: Story of Friedrich Froebel, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 ("Kindergarten Talks and Tales") (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press).  And an earlier version, Chicago:  Chicago Printing Co., 1889., 1889; 1893
Related Material: See Kindergarten Talks and Tales:  Story of a Raindrop for digital versions of this series.
Folder 13: Elizabeth Harrison, Relationship Between the Kindergarten and Great Literature / Number One / Homer, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press), 3 copies., 1893View associated digital content.
Folder 14: Elizabeth Harrison, Relationship Between the Kindergarten and Great Literature / Number Two / Dante, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press)., 1893View associated digital content.
Folder 15: Elizabeth Harrison, Relationship Between the Kindergarten and Great Literature / Number Three / Shakespeare, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press)., 1893View associated digital content.
Folder 16: Elizabeth Harrison, Story of Christopher Columbus for Little Children, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press)., 1893View associated digital content.
Folder 17: Elizabeth Harrison, Toys and their Place in the Education of the Child / From / "Study of Child Nature," Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press), 4 copies., 1893View associated digital content.
Folder 18: Elizabeth Harrison, Christmas-Tide, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1893 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press)., 1893View associated digital content.
Folder 19: Elizabeth Harrison, The Vision of Dante / A Story for Little Children and a Talk to their Mothers, Second Ed., Illustrated by Walter Crane, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1894 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press); First Ed. copyright Elizabeth Harrison, 1892., 1892; 1894View associated digital content.
Folder 20: Elizabeth Harrison, "In Storyland, A Digest of Miss Elizabeth Harrison's Book of Stories for Children," apparent reprint (After 1895, refers to 5th edition), 12 copies., [After 1895]View associated digital content.
Folder 21: Elizabeth Harrison, Questions on a Study of Child-Nature / Arranged by the Woman's Council and Mothers' Circles of Akron, Ohio, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, copyright The Mothers' Circle Committee, 1897 (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press)., 1897View associated digital content.
Folder 22: Elizabeth Harrison, Shop Windows, (Address delivered before the Mothers' Department of the Chicago Kindergarten College, December 12, 1900), Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, n.d. (R.R. Donnelley, Lakeside Press) 5 copies., 1900-12-12View associated digital content.
Folder 23: Elizabeth Harrison, "The Scope and Results of Mothers' Classes," Proceedings of the National Educational Association, 1903, pp. 400-404., 1903View associated digital content.
Folder 24: Elizabeth Harrison, "Some Evolutions in the Kindergarten Work" (An address delivered before the International Kindergarten Union, at Pittsburgh, Pa.), Kindergarten Review,  November 1903, pp. 175-182., 1903-11View associated digital content.
Folder 25: Elizabeth Harrison, Organized Hand Work For Public Schools from First to Eighth Grades, No. 1 - Bead Stringing, Chicago:  Chicago Kindergarten College, 1904., 1904View associated digital content.
Folder 26: Elizabeth Harrison, How Little Cedric became a Knight, Chicago:  A. Flanagan Co., 1905 (Little Classic Series)., 1905View associated digital content.
Folder 27: Elizabeth Harrison, The Stone Cutter, A Japanese Legend, Chicago:  Central Publishing Co., 1906 ("With Musical Accompaniment Arranged by Francis M. Arnold," though none in the book), 6 copies., 1906View associated digital content.
Folder 28: Elizabeth Harrison, "How Shall We Best Conserve our Nation's Moral Forces?" ("An Address Delivered Before the National Congress of Mothers in Denver, June 12, 1910"), reprinted from Child Welfare Magazine, October 1910., 1910-06-12View associated digital content.
Folder 29: "The Open Door," Address by Elizabeth Harrison, President of the National Kindergarten College (formerly the Chicago Kindergarten College), before the International Kindergarten Union., [ca. 1912 to 1917]
Folder 30: Elizabeth Harrison, The Montessori Method and the Kindergarten, Washington, D.C.:  Government Printing Office, 1914 (U.S. Bureau of Education Bulletin, 1919, No. 28), 1914View associated digital content.
Folder 31: Elizabeth Harrison, "Kindergarten Methods in the Home," The Continent, July 30, 1914, p. 1063., 1914-07-30
Folder 32: Elizabeth Harrison, Legend of the Christ Child (sheet music, arranged for piano by Francis M. Arnold), Evanston:  National College of Education, n.d. (1930 edition or later; originally published in 1916), 11 pp., [After 1930]
Folder 33: Elizabeth Harrison, How are We Educating our Young Girls? ("From the introduction to 'When Children Err,' by Elizabeth Harrison, President, National Kindergarten and Elementary College"), n.d., [ca. 1917-1920]View associated digital content.
Box 4: Pamphlets/Articles/Addresses
Folder 1: Color in Song and Prose Collected by the Class of 1905 of The Chicago Kindergarten College (3 copies)., 1905
Folder 2: Child-Garden of Story, Song, and Play, Vol. V, No. 3 (February 1897)  Published by Andrea Hofer Proudfoot, 1400 Auditorium, Chicago., 1897-02
Folder 3: Kindergarten Journal, Spring 1910 (1 copy)., 1910
Related Materials: See Image Library for scans of the Kindergarten Journal
Folder 4: Kindergarten Journal, Summer 1910 (2 copies)., 1910
Related Materials: See Image Library for scans of the Kindergarten Journal
Folder 5: Kindergarten Journal, Vol. 1 no. 3, Autumn 1910 (3 copies)., 1910
Related Materials: See Image Library for scans of the Kindergarten Journal
Folder 6: Kindergarten Journal, Vol. 6 no. 1, Winter 1910-11 (4 copies)., 1910 to 1911
Related Materials: See Image Library for scans of the Kindergarten Journal
Folder 7: Kindergarten Journal, Vol. 7 no. 2, Summer 1911 (1 copy)., 1911
Related Materials: See Image Library for scans of the Kindergarten Journal
Series 3: Manuscripts/Typescripts
Box 5: Dated Manuscripts/Typescripts
Folder 1: Notes on songs and activities, Vol. 1, translation from Madam von Bulow, n.d. [1887?  See Vol. 2, ca. 1887 below]., [ca. 1887]
Folder 2: Notes on songs and activities, Vol. 2, last talk with class of 1887 (on cover "Betty Harrison, 2535 Prairie Ave"), ca. 1887., [ca. 1887]
Folder 3: "Points on lesson before class at Art Institute, Dec. 14, 1888," heavily water damaged and much illegible., 1888-12-14
Folder 4: "Chicago is fast becoming the center of all good things.", [ca. 1890]
Folder 5: "Stories and Storytelling.", [ca. 1890]
Folder 6: "Stories" [The Significance and Value of]., 1890-11-05
Folder 7: "Art Value of Handwork, 19 November 1890.", 1890-11-19
Folder 8: "Five Knights" (story, song)., 1891-01-16
Folder 9: "Thoughts Suggested by Mr. Snider's Second Lecture on Dante.", 1891 to 1893
Folder 10: The Legend of the Christ Child:  A Story for Christmas Eve / Adapted from the German / by Elizabeth Harrison ("Presented to the Members of the Mother's Department of the Chicago Kindergarten College, Art Institute, Chicago, Christmas, 1891"); revised and edited for English children? (p. 2), After 1891., 1891-12-25
Folder 11: An Ounce of Prevention is Worth a Pound of Cure ("address delivered before the National Society of Corrections and Charities in Denver")., 1892-07-27
Folder 12: "Some Hints from the Midway Plaisance for Mothers and Kindergartners by Elizabeth Harrison.", [ca. 1893]
Folder 13: "Chicago's Glory.", [After 1893]
Folder 14: "To the Graduate of '98," [both high school and college versions]., 1898
Folder 15: "The Scroll with the Golden Letters," n.d. (written on Hotel Euclid, Cleveland, stationery)., [After 1900]
Folder 16: "Miss Harrison, Mothers' Class, November 1900.", 1900-11
Folder 17: "Miss Harrison, Christmas Gifts, December 10, 1900.", 1900-12-10
Folder 18: "Miss Harrison, mothers' class, January 9, 1901.", 1901-01-09
Folder 19: "Miss Harrison.  Nursery Plays, Mothers' Class, Jan. 16, 1901.", 1901-01-16
Folder 20: "Psychology of the Gifts, Senior Class.", 1901-09-04
Folder 21: "Some Silent Teachers" (Typescript draft 1)., 1904
Folder 22: "Some Silent Teachers" (Typescript draft 2)., 1904
Folder 23: "Some Silent Teachers" (Review, School and Home Education, June 1904, p. 409),, 1904-06
Folder 24: "America's Message to the World - How does this affect the education of the young woman?", 1904-09-07
Folder 25: "Hashniff the Stone Cutter," n.d. (Typescript; see also Harrison, The Stone Cutter, A Japanese Legend, 1906), [ca. 1905 to 1906]View associated digital content.
Folder 26: "An Address before the Cleveland Graduating Class, 1906.", 1906
Folder 27: "Talk on Froebel's Mother Play Songs given to Freshman Class Sept. 19, 1912" and other notes., 1912
Folder 28: Misc. fragments (Rome, etc.)., [ca. 1912 to 1913]
Folder 29: "A Hero of France.", [After 1914]
Folder 30: A Thanksgiving Story told to the National Kindergarten College at their Thanksgiving Festival.  Suggested by Millet's "Anglus."  n.d., [written on the backs of fliers for G.B. Shaw's "Mrs. Warren's Profession" beginning 15 November 1916 at the Playhouse, and before 1917].  "Ex Libris M. Frances McElroy" Evanston campus bookplate., [1916 to 1917]
Folder 31: "The Glories of Chicago;" with unrelated 3 pp. on children (written during World War I), 1918
Box 6: Undated Manuscripts/Typescripts
Folder 1: Elizabeth Harrison, "The Moral Training of Children,"  n.d.
Folder 2: "The 'Falling, Falling' Song, on page 18 in the American Translation of Froebel's *Mutter und Kose-Lieder*," n.d.
Folder 3: The Mother's Kindergarten Series, Part II, Practice (The Fourth Lesson, "The Mother-Play songs," Topic, "The falling, falling game" Continued, n.d.
Folder 4: "The Enchanted Spot in the Queen's Garden," n.d. (2 pp. typed, legal size)
Folder 5: "Old Johnny Appleseed, A True Story" n.d. (After 1893, on CKC paper, 10 Van Buren St.), [After 1893]
Folder 6: "The Magical Lily of Easter Week," n.d. (After 1893, on CKC paper, 10 Van Buren St.), [After 1893]
Folder 7: "Old Dame Harrah and the Easter Lily," n.d. (After 1893, on CKC paper, 10 Van Buren St.), [After 1893]
Folder 8: "The Greatest of all [Gifts]," n.d. (After 1893, on CKC paper, 10 Van Buren St.), [After 1893]
Folder 9: Untitled Poem, n.d., (After 1893, on CKC paper, 10 Van Buren St.), [After 1893]
Folder 10: Notes on Christmas ("Xmas") and forests, n.d.
Folder 11: Stories, Games, Songs, n.d.
Folder 12: "Life of Friedrich Froebel," n.d.
Folder 13: Booklet of Notes on Games/Songs/Activities:  The Carpenter, The Wheelwright, The Knights and the Good Child, Grass Mowing, Beckoning the Chickens, Beckoning the Pigeons, Thumb a Plum, Thumb I say One, Finger Piano, Thumb Bow, [?] of the Child, The Cuckoo, Hare on the Wall, The Boar, and weekly curricula, n.d.
Folder 14: "Finger Piano," n.d.
Folder 15: "Thumbs and Fingers say, 'Good Morning'," n.d.
Folder 16: "An Outline of Study for Mothers," n.d.
Folder 17: "Story of the little Daisy," n.d.
Folder 18: "Man's Greatest Power" ("Story of a Fig Tree"). n.d. [After recuperating in California].
Folder 19: "A Thanksgiving Story," n.d.
Folder 20: "Song of the Raindrops," "Story of the Oak and the Violet," "Story of Oriole," n.d.
Folder 21: "An Easter Story," n.d.
Folder 22: "Story about a Real Soldier," n.d. [World War I?].
Folder 23: "The Story of Foolish Hans," n.d.
Folder 24: "An Ode," n.d.
Folder 25: "The Little Yule Tree by Elizabeth Harrison," n.d. [note on first page:  "Came out in American Childhood, 1929"]., [1929]
Folder 26: "The Legend of the Christ-Child," n.d.
Folder 27: "Glimpses of Life," n.d.
Folder 28: "The Leading Idea of Dante," n.d.
Folder 29: "[Aesop's] Fables,"  n.d.
Folder 30: "A Christmas Study of Child-Life," n.d.
Folder 31: "The Education of the Heart" (3 drafts), n.d.
Folder 32: "Misunderstood Children," n.d.
Folder 33: "May the Thirtieth, The Greatest thing a hero can do is to be a hero." "My last sermon to you.  With this I send my love."  n.d. [EH?  1920?]., [ca. 1920]
Box 8: Manuscript of Sketches along Life's Road
Item 1: Manuscript of Sketches along Life's Road (original)View associated digital content.
Item 2: Manuscript of Sketches along Life's Road (photocopy)
Series 4: A Course for Mothers Given by the Chicago Kindergarten CollegeView associated digital content.
Box 7
Folder 1: "A Course for Mothers, Given by the Chicago Kindergarten College," Syllabus ?; "Outline of Topics Studied by the First Year's Class,"
Folder 2: "Frederick Froebel's Place Among the World's Great Educators" (I).
Folder 3: "Ball Games.  Explanation of the Three-Fold Use of the Ball." (II.1).
Folder 4: "Practice of Ball Games.  Emphasizing the Activities of Life." (II.2), Mrs. B.G.F. Young.
Folder 5: "Passive Education as Defined by Froebel, with Helps and Hindrances as Given by Other Writers" (III), "written by Mrs. Emma A. Beebe."
Folder 6: "The Significance of Play as a Factor in Education," [IV].
Folder 7: "The Value of Froebel's Book for Mothers and a few Hints concerning the Study of it" [V]. (2 copies and draft)
Folder 8: "Color and Form (revised)," (VI), Josephine C. Locke.
Folder 9: "Parquetry.  Selected to Suit the Needs of Mothers" (VII.1).
Folder 10: "The Value of Music in the Development of the Child" (VII.2)
Folder 11: "Christmas Work for Little Children" (VIII.1).
Folder 12: "Christmas Work for Little Children, Continued," (VIII. 2) B.G.F. Young.
Folder 13: "How to Lead up to the Christmas Story of the Coming of Christ into the World" [IX.1].
Folder 14: "A Story of the Forest (a Fir Tree)," "from 'The Story Hour' by Nora Smith" (IX.2).
Folder 15: "Clay.  And How to Use it with Little Children" (X) Mrs. B.G.F. Young.
Folder 16: "Play with the Limbs," "Lee & Shepard Edition, page 17." (XI).
Folder 17: "The Second Gift" (XII), "Written by Mrs. BGF Young for the First Year Mot[hers].
Folder 18: "The Second Gift, Emphasizing the Properties of Matter" (XIII.1), "Written by Mrs. BGF Young for the First Year Mothers."
Folder 19: "Falling, Falling" (XIII.2)
Folder 20: "The Second Gift Beads" (XIV), "Written by Mts. BGF Young for the First Year Mothers."
Folder 21: "Weather Vane" (XV.1), "Page 21 Lee & Shepard Edition," two versions.
Folder 22: "How to Make Valentines" (XV.2) Mrs. B.G.F. Young
Folder 23: "Clay" (XVI.1).
Folder 24: "Mothers Class.  How to Utilize the Instinct of Imitation" [XVI.2].
Folder 25: "Sewing.  Abridged for Home Purposes" (XVII.1).
Folder 26: "All's Gone.  Page 23" [XVII.2].
Folder 27: "The Law of Continuity" [XVIII] [on discarded cover, "See Ed. Of Man p. 22."].
Folder 28: "The Third Gift," (XIX.1).
Folder 29: "The Third Gift.  Second Paper" (XIX.2).
Folder 30: "Summing Up of the Year's Gift and Occupation Work" (XX).
Folder 31: "Examination Questions on the Handwork Studied in the First Year's Mother's Class, Chicago Kindergarten College."
Folder 32: "Examination Questions on the Theory Studied in the First Year's Mother's Class, Chicago Kindergarten College."
Series 5: Journals/Notebooks/ScrapbooksView associated digital content.
Box 9
Folder 1: Directors Occupation Book" (inscribed "Betty Harrison, St. Louis, Jan 10, 82" "Property of Chicago Kindergarten College, 1200 Michigan Boul. Chicago Ill")., 1882-01-10
Folder 2: "Directors Gift Book" (inscribed "Betty Harrison, St. Louis, Jan 10, 82" "Property of Chicago Kindergarten College, 1200 Michigan Boul. Chicago Ill")., 1882-01-10View associated digital content.
Folder 3: "Miss Elizabeth Harrison's School Diary," written while studying with Maria Boelte in New York (Photocopy from the archives of the International Association for Childhood Education [formerly the International Kindergarten Union], University of Maryland Archives)., 1883
Folder 4: Student scrapbooks, 1899-1900
Box 10
Folder 1: "Elizabeth Harrison's Collection of Italian Madonnas."
Box 11
Folder 1: Elizabeth Harrison's "School of Weaving" scrapbook, 1893
120 patterns, done by Harrison and others in 1883
Folder 2: Elizabeth Harrison's journal of her trip to Panama, 1897
Folder 3: Sociology notebooks, 1916, 1919

1916: "Use of Leisure Time, Comparative Methods, Child and Money"

1919: "Dr. Monin's Class"

Series 6: Miscellaneous records and related materials
Sub-Series 1: Chicago Kindergarten Club
Box 12
Folder 1: Chicago Kindergarten Club Programs/ International Kindergarten Union material, 1889 to 1937
Folder 2: Programs Flyers for Literary Schools on Shakespeare (1889), Homer (1891), and Myths of the World (1895)., 1889 to 1895
Folder 3: Thomas Davidson, The Paradise of Dante, (A Lecture Delivered at the Chicago Dante School, April 20, 1892), Chicago:  Kindergarten Literature Co., 1893., ca. 1892
Sub-Series 2: Kindergarten Training School and Colleges., 1887 to 1920
Box 12
Folder 3
Folder 4: Ledger (office supplies, books, etc.)., 1897 to 1903
Folder 5: Elizabeth Harrison, "Outline of One Year's Work in Kindergarten with a Normal Child Five Years of Age," Chicago Normal School., 1899 to 1900
Folder 6: Letter of Introduction issued to Elizabeth Harrison by the U.S. Legation to the German Empire, June 30, 1890 (includes physical description).  Removed to oversize Box 34, 1/30/08 MB., 1890-06-30
Folder 7: Reports from Alice McRoy and J.A. McKinney., 1890-11 to 1890-12
Folder 8: Eloise McGregor receipt for half year's tuition paid, 15 Sept. 1890; receipt for Vision of Dante purchased, 15 Dec. 1896., 1890-09-15; 1896-12-15
Folder 9: "To Mothers," by Mrs. O.E. Weston, announcing creation of a Mothers' Department at the Chicago Kindergarten Training School; "To Mothers," by Miss Alice McRoy, announcing creation of a Mothers' Department at the Chicago Kindergarten Training School., 1890
Folder 10: Newspaper clippings about Elizabeth Harrison's Mothers Classes [pasted on the back of the notice of the second annual meeting of the Dental Protective Association, Dr. J.N. Crouse, president]., 1890-1891
Folder 11: New Year's Greetings., 1892-01-01
Folder 12: List of examination questions on "Gifts," "Mother Play," and "Occupations," given CKC students., 1892-06
Folder 13: "Class Song of 1893," by Nellie Lloyd., 1893
Folder 14: First Diploma given to a mother who completed the full kindergarten training course at Chicago Kindergarten College, Bettie Garth Young (signed by EH, Principal, and Mrs. J.N. Crouse, Director).  Removed to oversize Box 34, 2008-01-30 MB., 1893-06-08
Folder 15: Chicago Kindergarten College Summer School Announcement., 1894
Folder 16: "Annual Announcement of Special Courses," Chicago Kindergarten College., 1898 to 1899
Folder 17: "Chicago Kindergarten College, Answers to Questions most frequently asked.", 1898
Folder 18: "Selections of Instrumental Music for the Kindergarten and Primary Grades," compiled by Lilian M. Krinbill '99, Chicago Kindergarten College, n.d.
Folder 19: Repairs/Lawsuit at 10 Van Buren St. [Chicago Club, Daniel Burnham architect]., 1892-1903
Folder 20: Organized Hand Work For Public Schools and Kindergartens / No. 2 Construction Work, by Jessie Davis, Chicago Kindergarten College., 1908
Folder 21: Pamphlet:  "The Value of Kindergartens," National Kindergarten Association "Affiliated with Chicago Kindergarten College.", [ca. 1908]
Folder 22: Pamphlet:  "Training Teachers Session of the International Kindergarten Union," April 26, 1910, St. Louis, Mo.:  "The Use of Materials in the Kindergarten.", 1910-04-26
Folder 23: Program for the Mothers Course, National Kindergarten College., 1912 to 1913
Folder 24: Mildred Mack, Chicago Kindergarten College Report of Standing (grades)., 1913
Folder 25: Miss Harrison's Message re Alumnae, after 1920 (refers to Mrs. Crouse's ill health, ca. 1915)., [after 1920]
Folder 26: The Story of the National Kindergarten College by an Alumna, National Kindergarten College, May 1, 1916., 1916-05-01
Folder 27: Resolution in tribute to EH on her retirement by faculty and others of National Kindergarten and Elementary College, signed by 23 faculty/staff.  Removed to oversize Box 34, 1/30/08 MB., 1920-11-20
Folder 28: National Kindergarten and Elementary College announcement of Elizabeth Harrison's death and list of her books., 1927-10-31
Folder 29: National Kindergarten and Elementary College announcement of Elizabeth Harrison's death., [1927-11]
Folder 30: Description of Services for Elizabeth Harrison in San Antonia, Texas, and Davenport, Iowa., 1927-11
Folder 31: List of attendees at Elizabeth Harrison's funeral in Davenport, Iowa (handwritten on stationery of the Hotel Blackhawk, Davenport)., 1927
Folder 32: Memorial Service program for Elizabeth Harrison, Evanston., 1927-11-04
Folder 33: "In Memoriam, Elizabeth Harrison, 1849  1927":  Elizabeth Harrison, An Appreciation by Edwin Herbert Lewis; Resolution of the Board of Trustees, National Kindergarten and Elementary College; Funeral Services at San Antonio; Funeral Services at Davenport; Memorial Services at National Kindergarten and Elementary College Evanston; Memorial Services at Chicago Woman's Club; Appreciations; Tributes., 1928-11View associated digital content.
Folder 34: “Elizabeth Harrison,” Draft of eulogy by Edwin Herbert Lewis (printed in “In Memoriam”), 1927., 1927
Folder 35: Remembrance of Elizabeth Harrison from National Kindergarten and Elementary College, "Americana" handwritten in upper right-hand corner., 1920 to 1927
Folder 36: "Miss Harrison's Library":  "Books for 'The Mrs. John N. Crouse Memorial Library'," n.d. [1928], [1928]
Sub-Series 3: Misc.
Box 12
Folder 36: "An illustration of the effort put forth to understand a difficult subject of symbolism," I.K.U., (Susan Blow, Elizabeth Harrison).  Removed to oversize Box 34, 2007-07-11, MB., 1893
Folder 37: Elizabeth Harrison, Poem for Edward Somers Hall (with letter of explanation by his sister, Eleanor Hall Wilson)., 1893-02-21; 1958-01-10
Folder 38: "Examination of Kindergartners, Chicago, Jan. 26, 1895," and "Information Concerning Examinations [for Kindergarten teachers]," City of Chicago Board of Education., 1895-01-26; 1899
Folder 39: Elizabeth Harrison check made out to Mrs. R.J. Jones., 1897-03-01
Folder 40: Review of Two Children of the Foothills from The Sunday School Times., 1900-01-20
Folder 41: "When She was a Freshman," by Jean Carpenter Arnold, n.d.., [ca. 1905 to 1912]
Folder 42: University of Chicago announcement that Miss Grace Fulmer (CKC) will direct Primary Work in the UC Laboratory School, n.d.
Folder 43: Receipt and Private Lesson Card from Columbia College of Expression, for Elizabeth Harrison., 1910
Folder 44: "Tributes to Helen Grinnell Mears," with reference to the Helen Grinnell Mears Scholarship at National Kindergarten College., 1913-12
Folder 45: Fanniebelle Curtis, "An Analysis of the Recent Statement on the Kindergarten Situation," ["1914" and "Chicago?" handwritten on page 1, but statistics in the analysis are from New York City schools, 1912-13 report mentioned; statements by Elizabeth Harrison, Lucy Wheelock and Professor Strayer]., [ca. 1914]
Folder 46: "The Kindergarten Movement in the United States," US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education., [ca. 1914]
Folder 47: "A Christmas Message from the Glory Kindergarten 1915," Kobe, Japan, signed Annie L. Howe., 1915
Folder 48: English translation of Schiller's "Ode to Joy" from Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, the National Kindergarten College hymn, with commentary by Jean Carpenter Arnold, n.d.
Folder 49: Print of Raphael painting of Jehovah creating the sun and moon, E.H. note on the back about its symbolism, "National Kindergarten College, 9-7-17".
Folder 50: "List of Books from the Boston Public Library.", 1917
Folder 51: Presentations [?] of honorary degrees to Elizabeth Harrison and Celia Sargent., [ca. 1920]
Folder 52: Brochures for Elizabeth Harrison's books, various dates.
Box 13: Miscellaneous, includes writings by Mrs. J.N. Crouse, Susan Blow, and William T. Harris at end.
Folder 1: Testimonial to Elizabeth Harrison, written between 1922 and 1927 (mentions The Unseen Side of Child Life [1922] and EH still alive)., [ca. 1922 to 1927]
Folder 2: Elizabeth Harrison notebook:  Diary of Christmases, 1886-1924; personal finances, 1924; "Spiritual Motherhood.", 1886 to 1924; 1924
Folder 3: Elizabeth Harrison Christmas and Greeting Cards, n.d., [Before 1927]
Folder 4: Brochure for Mrs. Frank H. Russell Classes, n.d. but (with EH's notation)., [Before 1927]
Folder 5: "In Memory of Elizabeth Harrison," n.d., [After 1927]
Folder 6: Publisher's brochure for Sketches Along Life's Road, 2 copies., [ca. 1930]
Folder 7: Miss Harrison's "Vision of the Yet-To-Be," Alumnae Dinner, San Antonio, Texas., 1937-04-01
Folder 8: Typescript of quotations from Elizabeth Harrison and Mrs., J.N. Crouse, "from Miss Adams to Dr. J, 8/5/65.", 1965-08-05
Folder 9: "Inventory of Large Cabinet in Librarian's Offices," n.d. (reference to President Johnson, 1949-1972).
Folder 10: "A chapter of 'Child Nature' translated into Japanese," n.d.
Folder 11: Writings on music by Francis M. Arnold, n.d.
Folder 12: Mathilde Wagner, "Music in the Education of Children" [paper written for Professor Francis Arnold], n.d.
Folder 13: Elizabeth Harrison draft of program for Francis Arnold/Geogine Faulkner performance in Harvey, Illinois (?), n.d.
Folder 14: "Courage" by Celia Thaxter (2520 Prairie Ave.), n.d.
Folder 15: "The Wind," n.d.
Folder 16: Misc. newspaper clippings (poor condition), n.d.
Folder 17: Papers found in the First Ed. Of Froebel's Mutter und Koselieder, n.d.  In folder with book, 2007-06-15 MB.
Folder 18: Kindergarten, Revista Semanaria Ilustrada, Mexico, Tomo 1, Num.1, 1 July 1907, and Tom 1, Num. 2, 8 July 1907., 1907-07-01; 1907-07-08
Folder 19: Misc. Harrison writings, n.d.
Sub-Series 4: Mrs. J.N. (Rumah) Crouse
Box 13
Folder 19: Mrs. J.N. Crouse, "Suitable Dress," a talk with students, 15 Nov. 1900., 1900-11-15
Folder 20: Mrs. J.N. Crouse, Kindergartening as a Profession (Chicago Kindergarten College, 1200 S. Michigan Ave.), [ca. 1906 to 1911]
Folder 21: Mrs. J.N. Crouse, "To the ( high school) Graduate", n.d., [ca. 1906 to 1911]
Folder 22: Misc. letters written by J.N. Crouse, n.d.
Sub-Series 5: Susan Blow
Box 13
Folder 22: Susan Blow, The Kindergarten (Taken from Merry Songs and Games), printed by the Chicago Kindergarten Training School, St. Louis:  Balmer & Weber Music House Co.,1890., 1890
Sub-Series 6: William T. Harris
Box 13
Folder 23: William T. Harris, Immortality of the Individual, New York:  D. Appleton and Co., 1885 [reprinted from The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, Jean Carpenter's name written on cover]., 1885
Folder 24: William T. Harris, The Kindergarten Methods Contrasted with the Methods of the American Primary School, "Read before the Kindergarten Department, National Educational Association, Nashville, Tenn., July 1889" [Jean Carpenter's name written on cover]., 1889-07
Folder 25: William T. Harris, "In What does Shakespeare's Greatness Consist," (manuscript, 52 pp.)., 1889-12-31
Folder 26: William T. Harris, "Herbart's Doctrine of Interest," Educational Review., 1895-06
Folder 27: William T. Harris, "Is Education Possible without Freedom of the Will?," Education [Journal]., 1896-01
Folder 28: William T. Harris, "The Necessity of Five Co-ordinate Groups in a Complete Course of Study," 1896, "A paper read before the Department of Superintendence of the National Educational Association in Jacksonville, Fla., February 19, 1896," "reprinted from the April 1896 Educational Review.", 1896
Folder 29: William T. Harris, "Horace Mann," "An Address delivered before the National Educational Association at Buffalo, N.Y.., 1896-07-07
Folder 30: William T. Harris, Kindergarten Psychology / Four Abstracts of Lectures, delivered at the Chicago Kindergarten College, reprinted from School and Home Education, Bloomington, Ill., 1899-04
Folder 31: William T. Harris, "The Separation of the Church from the Tax-Supported School," "A Paper read before the National Council of Education, at Boston, Mass., July 7, 1903.", 1903-07-07
Folder 32: William T. Harris, The Future of the Kindergarten, n.p., n.d., [ca. 1888 to 1909]
Folder 33: William T. Harris, Herbart's Unmoral Education, n.p., n.d., [ca. 1888 to 1909]
Folder 34: William T. Harris, In What does Spiritual Evolution Consist?, n.p., n.d., [ca. 1888 to 1909]
Series 7: Oversized materials, 1890-1925View associated digital content.
Box 14
Folder 1: "An illustration of the effort put forth to understand a difficult subject of symbolism", I.K.U., Susan Blow, Elizabeth Harrison, 1893
Folder 2: Resolution in tribute to E. Harrison  on her retirement, November 20th, 1920
Signed by faculty and staff of the N.K.E.C. community
Folder 3: Chicago Kindergarten Training School certificate issued to Grace Fulmer, June 6th, 1890
Folder 4: Diplomas issued to Bettie Garth Young and Grace Fulmer, June 8th, 1890

Bettie Garth Young was the first mother to have received a diploma upon completion of the full kindergarten training course at C.K.C.

Grace Fulmer, student, was issued the first diploma upon completion of the full kindergarten training course of study at the Chicago Kindergarten College.

Folder 5: Original Frank King comic strip, Gasoline Alley: Skeezik Down Through the Ages" signed by King to Elizabeth Harrison, May 1925
Includes two Gasoline Alley Comic Strips, " Skeezix Down Through the Ages" and " Skeezix Takes More Interest in Education". Typed note explains Harrison's interest in the cartoons and her involvement with these two in particular.
Folder 6: Letter of introduction issued to Elizabeth Harrison by the U.S. Legation to the German Empire, June 30th, 1890
Series 8: Ledgers of the Chicago Kindergarten College
Two ledgers of the Chicago Kindergarten College. The first ledger includes the names of various people affiliated with the Chicago Kindergarten College between the years of 1896-1898. Ledger is organized alphabetically by city/towns of affilitation. The second ledger is a financial record of the Chicago Kindergarten College for the years of 1918-1920.

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