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10. Artifacts

 Record Group
Identifier: 10
Artifacts related to the history of education, the Kindergarten Movement, and National-Louis University. Includes early Froebel Gifts and Occupations, Montessori manipulatives, and international dolls.

Found in 13 Collections and/or Records:

Doll Accessories

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-014
Scope and Contents

Contains doll accessories, clay teacups, shoes, in addition to various artifacts- source unknown.

Dates: Created: n.d.

Dolls - Unidentified

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-009
Scope and Contents

National-Louis University owns a variety of unidentified dolls. The dolls in this collection do not seem to be part of the other sets housed in the university archives.

Dates: Other: Dummy Date

Froebel's Kindergarten Gift and Occupation Work

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-012
Scope and Contents

Froebel's gift and occupation work were intended to lead the child to invention through handwork. This collection includes gift work scapbooks of Chicago Kindergarten Students, as well as other students. These books include examples of parquetry, paper pricking, sewing, cutting, folding, and weaving. Also contains color scrapbooks. Identified and dated works include: Nora Wells, Harvey Bundy, C. Gercke, Florence Linnell, and Edith Conard.

Dates: Created: 1868-1922

Froebel's Kindergarten Gifts

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-010
Scope and Contents

Froebel's Gifts were materials designed by Friedrich Froebel as part of his Kindergarten Method.  They are usually made from basic geometric shapes and are designed to teach children about geometry, forms, movement, color, mathematics and other skills, all through play and exploration. 

This collection has examples of the First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh gifts. Some are incomplete.

Dates: Created: 1890-1900

Guatemalan Dolls

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-007
Scope and Contents

This set of dolls was made in Guatemala. National-Louis University Archives is not sure if the set is complete. They appear to be handmade and each doll stands approximately 6 inches in height.  More research is necessary.

Dates: Other: Dummy Date

Indian Dolls

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-008
Scope and Contents

These three dolls are possibly from India.  They appear to be a set.  The bodies are made of cloth, stuffed with cotton.  More research is necessary to know how old they are and/or where they were made.

Dates: Other: Dummy Date

Japanese Dolls - Anesama

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-001
Scope and Contents The name, Anesama, literally means ‘honorable elder sister’ but it is also used to name the flat, folded paper dolls. These dolls do not have facial features, as casual images are not given identities in Japanese culture. As a result, the dolls are believed to have no life and no power to harm humans. Anesama, made out of plain, patterned, and crêpe papers are popular toys and decorative figures. Several different kinds of Japanese papers, such as washi, kōzo, mitsumata and ganpi, are...
Dates: Other: Dummy Date

Japanese Dolls - Hina-Matsuri

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-002
Scope and Contents Hina-ningyō dolls are used in the Hina-matsuri or Girl’s Day Festival.  The term hina is a contraction of the word hiina, meaning ‘small and lovely’ and was applied to many different miniature forms, such as models of buildings, but is most generally associated with dolls.  Hina-ningyō can be literally translated as ‘miniature human figure’ or ‘doll’.  With the development of the Girl’s Day Festival in the early Edo period (17th through mid-19th centuries), the term hina-ningyō came to be...
Dates: Other: Dummy Date

Japanese Dolls - Miscellaneous

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-005
Scope and Contents This collection includes:One Hagoita Paddle or Battledore, which are richly decorated game paddles, traditionally given as New Year’s gifts to play the New Year’s game of Hanetsuki (Battledore).  The paddle is usually decorated with elaborate faces of geishas or actors, using an art form called “oshie”.  The old year’s paddles are supposed to be burned at the end of the year.One female doll mounted on a wooden stand.One stuffed child doll.Three...
Dates: Other: Dummy Date

Japanese Dolls - Mitsuore

 Collection — 1
Identifier: 14-003
Scope and Contents The name, Mitsuore, means ‘three-fold’ and the doll was given this name because of the joints in the thighs, knees, and ankles, allowing the doll to be posed in various positions; the most notable being the typical Japanese way of kneeling on the floor and sitting on the heels. These dolls also facilitated the changing of clothes. Believed to be from just before 1800, mitsuore was one of the first steps leading to a shift in the way ningyō were viewed: away from felicitous objects of...
Dates: Other: Dummy Date